The body provides details about the study, such as who participated in it, what the researchers measured, and what results they recorded.The conclusion presents the researchers’ interpretation of the data, or what they learned.One of the challenges of writing a research paper is successfully integrating your ideas with material from your sources.
There are several approaches to writing an introduction, each of which fulfills the same goals.
The introduction should get readers’ attention, provide background information, and present the writer’s thesis.
For this reason, some writers prefer to write their conclusions soon after they have written their introduction. Other writers prefer to write their conclusion at the end of the paper, after writing the body paragraphs.
No process is absolutely right or absolutely wrong; find the one that best suits you.
Many writers like to begin with one of the following catchy openers: The next few sentences place the opening in context by presenting background information.
From there, the writer builds toward a thesis, which is traditionally placed at the end of the introduction.If you find yourself struggling to write an engaging introduction, you may wish to write the body of your paper first.Writing the body sections first will help you clarify your main points. You may have a better sense of how to introduce the paper after you have drafted some or all of the body.Think of your thesis as a signpost that lets readers know in what direction the paper is headed. Note how Jorge progresses from the opening sentences to background information to his thesis. Introduction Over the past decade, increasing numbers of Americans have jumped on the low-carb bandwagon.Jorge decided to begin his research paper by connecting his topic to readers’ daily experiences. Some studies estimate that approximately 40 million Americans, or about 20 percent of the population, are attempting to restrict their intake of food high in carbohydrates (Sanders and Katz, 2004; Hirsch, 2004).Research papers generally follow the same basic structure: an introduction that presents the writer’s thesis, a body section that develops the thesis with supporting points and evidence, and a conclusion that revisits the thesis and provides additional insights or suggestions for further research.Your writing voice will come across most strongly in your introduction and conclusion, as you work to attract your readers’ interest and establish your thesis.However, you also need to support your ideas with research, or they will seem insubstantial. You have already taken a step in the right direction by writing your introduction.The introduction and conclusion function like the frame around a picture.A scientific paper begins with an abstract that briefly summarizes the entire paper.The introduction explains the purpose of the research, briefly summarizes previous research, and presents the researchers’ hypothesis.