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Please email Sara Mc Neil at [email protected] you have any questions about Digital History.Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were Italian-born American anarchists who were controversially convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the April 15, 1920, armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts.
Celebrated writers, artists, and academics pleaded for their pardon or for a new trial.
Harvard law professor and future Supreme Court justice Felix Frankfurter argued for their innocence in a widely read Atlantic Monthly article that was later published in book form.
Fuller appointed a three-man commission to investigate the case.
After weeks of secret deliberation that included interviews with the judge, lawyers, and several witnesses, the commission upheld the verdict.
Investigations in the aftermath of the executions continued throughout the 1930s and 1940s.
The publication of the men's letters, containing eloquent professions of innocence, intensified belief in their wrongful execution.
On August 8, 2012, Digital History switched to a new interface.
We have been restructuring the database and the organization of Digital History for the past three years, and we feel this makeover will significantly improve the usability of our materials.
Galleani published Cronaca Sovversiva (Subversive Chronicle), a periodical that advocated violent revolution, and a bomb-making manual called La Salute è in voi! Among the dozen or more violent acts was the bombing of Attorney General A. In that incident, Carlo Valdinocci, a former editor of Cronaca Sovversiva and an associate of Sacco and Vanzetti, was killed when the bomb intended for Palmer exploded in Valdinocci's hands.
Radical pamphlets entitled "Plain Words" signed "The Anarchist Fighters" were found at the scene of this and several other midnight bombings that night.