In fact, just over a decade ago, autism was considered a learning disability and often children were poorly diagnosed.
Today, autism is a growing concern and is also becoming more popular in research.
Warning signs of autism include: Research has shown that early intervention can improve a child’s overall development.
Children who receive autism-appropriate education and support at key developmental stages are more likely to gain essential social skills and react better in society.
Despite the consensus that ASD diagnoses occur more frequently today, researchers continue to debate whether this is a result of new cases or simply the availability of better diagnostic measures, or even a combination of both.
Regardless, one cannot dismiss the fact that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that ASD is a prevalent condition, with 1 in 68 children identified with some form of ASD.Therefore, the purpose of this review is to: 1) provide readers with a brief background related to ASD; 2) describe commonly used screening instruments and tools for early diagnosis; 3) describe early interventions that have empirical support; and 4) discuss how the parent–child and family relationships can be affected through this process.This information can provide professionals with information they can use to assist families who make critical and potentially life-changing decisions for children with ASD.More parents are aware of what autism is, and there are organizations like ASDF to help educate and provide financial assistance to parents of autistic children.Early detection is key in helping a child with autism live a more normal life in society.Children were left to work independently and parents were left to pay extensively for private tutoring and assistance—often without results.Organizations like ASDF were not around to provide assistance for autistic children so that they could find a way to live somewhat normal lives.Despite widespread research and greater public awareness, ASD has an unclear etiology and no known cure, making it difficult to acquire accurate and timely diagnoses.In addition, once an ASD diagnosis is made, parents find it challenging to navigate the healthcare system and determine which interventions are most effective and appropriate for their child.Symptoms appear in the first 2 years of life and affect the individual’s ability to function socially, at school, at work, or in other areas of life.Although current treatments vary, most interventions focus on managing behavior and improving social and communication skills to enable optimal social functioning and independence.