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Abrasion Special endoscopic treatment - freshening the bony end plate of a painful disc Anulus fibrosus The anulus fibrosus ist is the cartilage ring around the disc, which encloses the nucleus pulposus, the jellylike core of the disc. in cases of suspected infection Cage The Cage (Cage) is a stable implant. of metal (titanium), PEEK, and very rarely only of carbon.Black Disk The Signal loss an MRI (T2 sequence) due to the dehydration of a pathological disc generates the image of a dark disc and is often correlated with the clinical symptom of back pain BSG Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. It acts as a disc replacement and is used to maintain the natural disc height and stabilize the spine.
Spinal canal Tube containing nerve roots and spinal cord Spondylodesis Spondylodesis is a surgical fusion of spine/stiffening of the spine, employing screws, plates, cages and bone graft for stabilizing spine in case of instability.
Spondylodiszitis Bacterial infection which affects disc and adjoing vertebral bodies.
Spondylolisthesis commonly occurs due to a fracture or defect in the pars interarticularis, the narrowest part of the posterior vertebral arch between the upper and lower facet joints.
When this is breached, the upper facet joint may no longer be able to hold the vertebra in place against the downward force of body weight and forward/downward slippage occurs.
Bones and ligaments compressing nerves and spinal canal are removed to achieve pain relief and to cure neurological deficits.
Disc herniation See disc prolaps Discography Using CT or fluoroscopy, contrast agents are injected into the disc to analyze its structure and to get information about pain sensitivity.Spondylolisthesis Spondylolisthesis is a kind of listhesis as a result of an innate spinal instability (see also pseudospondylolisthesis).Stenosis Narrowing, e.g., of the spinal canal or the foramen Surgery The craft, craftsmanship TESSYS Transforamonal Endoscopic Spine System Traumatology Surgical - Surgical treatment of wounds and injuries (soft tissue and bone) Vertebra Osseous part of the spine consisting of vertebral body, vertebral arch, transverse processes, spinous process and condyloid process Vertebroplasty Surgical percutaneous method to treat painful compression fracture.The natura) spongy cavities are filled with cement (see also kyphoplasty).Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use.Segment Is composed of two vertebrae and an intervertebral disc (motion segment) Sequester A sequester is herniated disc tissue (nucleus pulposus) that has protruded into the spinal canal or the fora men.Slipped disc See disc prolapse Spacer A spacer is a metal implant that is implanted to remove symptoms arising from spinal stenosis.MRIBy means of magnetic resonance imaging, employing magnetic fields and radio signals, very high definition sectional images of human anatomy are created, which are compiled to 3D images.Myelography During myelography a contrast agent is injected into the dura to examine spinal canal, nerve roots and spinal cord.In combination with a pressure test by use of a manometer, pathological discs can be identified as the source of back pain (e.g., correlated to black disc in MRI).Disc prolapse The cartilage ring of the disc (anulus fibrosus) tears and the jelly-like core of the disc (nucleus pulposus) herniates into the spinal canal.