It is not passive non-resistance to evil; it is active nonviolent resistance to evil."The goal of nonviolence is redemption and reconciliation."Nonviolence does not seek to defeat or humiliate the opponent but to win friendship and understanding," King teaches.
"The nonviolent resister must often express his protest through noncooperation or boycotts, but he realizes that these are not ends themselves; they are merely means to awaken a sense of moral shame in the opponent. The aftermath of nonviolence is the creation of the beloved community, while the aftermath of violence is tragic bitterness."Nonviolence seeks to defeat evil, not people.
"The opponent for King is a symbol of a greater evil. The evildoers were victims of evil as much as were the individuals and communities that the evildoers oppressed." In this thinking, King echoes St.
Paul's admonition that our struggle is ultimately not against particular people but systems -- "the principalities and powers."Nonviolence includes a willingness to accept suffering without retaliation, to accept blows from the opponent without striking back.
"The nonviolent resister is willing to accept violence if necessary, but never to inflict it," King writes. Suffering, the nonviolent resister realizes, has tremendous educational and transforming possibilities." That's a tough pill to swallow, but King insists there is power in the acceptance of unearned suffering love, as the nonviolent resister Jesus showed on Calvary and Dr. In We will match your capacity to inflict suffering with our capacity to endure suffering. We will not hate you, but we cannot in all good conscience obey your unjust laws. Bomb our homes and threaten our children; send your hooded perpetrators of violence into our communicates and drag us out on some wayside road, beating us and leaving us half dead, and we will still love you.
But we will soon wear you down by our capacity to suffer.There is a creative force in this universe that works to bring the disconnected aspects of reality into a harmonious whole." King's philosophy, spirituality, theology and methodology were rooted in hope. by Richard Deats, The Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1991), every campaign of nonviolence usually undergoes these basic stages toward justice, and they are worth our consideration: Information gathering.These core principles explain why, for King, nonviolence was "the morally excellent way." As he boldly expanded his campaign from Montgomery to Atlanta, Albany and eventually Birmingham, he demonstrated six basic steps of nonviolent action that could be applied to any nonviolent movement for social change. We need to do our homework and learn everything we can about the issue, problem or injustice so we become experts on the topic. Then we do our best to inform everyone, including the opposition, about the issue and use every form of media to educate the population. As we engage in the public struggle for nonviolent social change, we renew ourselves every day in the way of nonviolence.As we learn that nonviolent struggles take time, we commit ourselves to the long haul and do the hard inner work necessary to center ourselves in love and wisdom and prepare ourselves for the possibility of rejection, arrest, jail or suffering for the cause. We try to engage our opponents, point out their injustice, propose a way out and resolve the situation, using win-win strategies. If necessary, we take nonviolent direct action to force the opponent to deal with the issue and resolve the injustice, using nonviolent means such as boycotts, marches, rallies, petitions, voting campaigns and civil disobedience. In the end, we try to reconcile with our opponents, even to become their friends (as Nelson Mandela demonstrated in South Africa), so that we all can begin to heal and move closer to the vision of the "beloved community." Dr.King's principles and methodology of nonviolence outline a path to social change that still holds true. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday, I've been reflecting on the principles of nonviolence that he learned during the historic yearlong bus boycott in Montgomery, Ala. No one imagined he would invoke Gandhi's method of nonviolent resistance in Christian language as the basis for the boycott.After Rosa Parks refused to sit in the back of the bus, broke the segregation law and was arrested on Dec. But from day one, he was a force to be reckoned with.The current model for justice in the United States is one of “war making,” as in the “war on crime” that has been waged for nearly four decades.Critics note that such a model has been in effect with little to show for its efforts.Recidivism and incarceration rates show no signs of slowing.There are some criminologists who believe that it is time to implement a peacemaking model.