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All three require an in-text (parenthetical) citation.You cannot use information from any website or published book unless you give the author (or site) credit both inside your text and at the end of your paper.There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper.
She discusses the economic, social, and cultural benefits of higher education in "The Value of a College Degree.” Paraphrase your sources whenever you believe that you can make the information from a source shorter and/or clearer for your audience.
A paraphrase is not an exact copy of the original, so simply changing a few words here and there is not acceptable.
How to Write an Effective Summary: Cover up the original article.
It is key that you not quote from the original work.
A legitimate paraphrase: No matter what condition your body is in, you can pretty much guarantee that poor health habits will lead to a lack of academic success.
Students need to take time for their physical and emotional well-being, as well as their studies, during college (Kanar 158).In other words, it is not enough to simply list the sources you used on a Works Cited page or References list.As your instructor reads your essay, he or she should clearly be able to see which sentences, facts, or sections of your essay came from Source A, Source B, Source C, etc. You can give credit to your sources within your text in two different ways: by using a signal phrase or by simply using an in-text citation.Also notice that because I explained who wrote the book, what book it comes from, and on what page to find the quote in the book, the reader is easily able not only to find the source on his/her own to check my facts, but the reader is also more likely to believe what I have to say now that they know that my information comes from a credible source.In-Text Citation: Use an in-text citation in situations where you are not quoting someone directly but rather using information from another source such as a fact, summary, or paraphrase to support your own ideas.If you need help incorporating your sources into your essay, the first thing you'll need to remember is that quotes cannot stand alone—they can't be placed in a sentence all by themselves.You need to make each quote a part of your essay by introducing it beforehand and commenting on it afterward.Example: Margaret Reardon points out that today's economy cars are "better equipped" to handle accidents than the smaller cars of the past.Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type.Be sure to introduce the author from the source work within the sentence itself and use quotation marks.No comma is necessary to introduce the quoted phrase.