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In moral decisions, in which the importance of others and their actual situation in the world, is recognised, community decisions are based on dialogue between all those on whom the decision impacts.
The moral dimension is added when I recognise my decision affects others – my family, the community in which I live – in terms of being able to serve others, rather than simply earn an income.
Thus, I widen my own perspective and discuss with those around me how we should decide.
Lets look at an example of making a decision ethically.
You want to sit up in your neighbors apple tree with a salt shaker and eat his apples. Society requires a code of ethics in order to provide for order, to prevent or minimize general or large-scale conflicts within society, to reduce strife between individuals, and to provide a basis for settling conflicts between competing values.
Since recognition of others is implicit to moral questions, according to the distinction made above, moral questions can and must be answered universally.
This requires having a shared dialogue – precisely since these questions deal with good, right, and justice for all.There is a difference between what I should do in an ethical dilemma, and what should do in a moral dilemma.In ethical dilemmas, individual decision-making may draw on the frameworks of “must-do” imperatives, utility consequences, the seeking of goodness, or a guiding framework from God.The relevance of the distinction is seen when questions such as “how should I act? ” are broadened to Socrates’ question, “how should we live? Granted modern society’s multiplicity of cultures and traditions, resulting in a diverse moral collage, with no single truth easily identifiable, the big moral question is surely, “how should we live together? In approaching such a question, the individual ethical answer can be limited by its essential egotism.It can be restricted to one’s own worldview rather than being inherently aware of the existence and relevance of others.Put another way, moral decision-making relocates ethical decision-making away from an individualistic reflection on imperatives, utility or virtue, into a social space.In that space one is implicitly aware of the other, wherein we understand from the start that we need to have a dialogue.But you decide to put aside your selfish interest, and to not do what you want and have the power to do for the sake of respecting your neighbors right to enjoy or benefit from his own apples. Ethical decision making does not occur by random chance, such as by throwing dice, but is guided by the orderly application of our ethical principles.Questions we might ask ourselves include: Would this behavior be honest? Would this behavior be consistent with my obligations of citizenship?The words derive respectively from the word in Greek (), variously translated as customs, manners or social norms.In fact, however, it is possible to differentiate the Greek root of ethics from the Latin root of morality in a way that may be practically helpful.