Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the association between SC, HC, psychosocial risk factors and health outcomes (general health and mental wellbeing) and self-efficacy.
Results: As shown in the systematic review, scientific evidence is unable to establish the widely assumed causal link between SC and accidents and injuries.
This doctoral research brings together the different concepts used in OHS and Public Health including SC, Psychosocial workplace risks, Health Promotion and OHS performance.
The associations between these concepts are analysed bearing in mind the WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and three of its main components (physical and psychosocial work environment and health resources).
Results also showed the contribution of psychosocial risk factors to the association of SC and HC with all the studied outcomes.
These associations had rarely been recorded previously.
In the final research study, SC and HC were linked to job demands-control-support (JDCS), health, wellbeing and efficacy.
JDCS were also associated with all three outcomes under study.
HSPs have shown to be a pivotal agent in the shaping and development of OHS in organisations.
However, as observed in this thesis, the role of these professionals is still far from the recommended involvement in the management of psychosocial risk factors and could have a more complete engagement in other areas of OHS such as health promotion.