The first professional journal dedicated to psychoanalysis, it initially featured a regular section on dream interpretation, but eventually ceased including that feature, suggesting that dream interpretation was no longer considered important.However, Freud considers dreams as essential to understanding the human psyche, and provides a hypothetical situation to illustrate his argument.However, sleep is only a temporary and purposeful retreat from outside reality.
In other words, the unconscious may use images or feelings from the day to express its otherwise repressed desires.
The fact that certain dreams awaken and alarm the sleeper merely confirms the fact that dreams are delving into repressed urges.
The patient should be encouraged to mention any feelings, memories, or seemingly unrelated thoughts that come to his mind during this process.
Focusing on the dreamer's associations (rather than upon the manifest content that evoked these associations) serves to clarify what these images mean to the dreamer, and hence why his mind selected these particular images.
The dreamer's mind can relax, and the unconscious indulges its desires through the “hallucinatory satisfaction” of dreams (20).
Freud then addresses the question of what useful function dreams serve.He believes that latent thoughts are transformed into manifest thoughts via the same psychological mechanisms that construct neurotic symptoms.Therefore, understanding dreams will help us treat neurotic patients.Therefore, psychoanalysis involves both the practical task of interpreting the manifest content of dreams, and the theoretical task of explaining how the latent content has been shaped into its manifest content.In other words, a psychoanalyst must first interpret the dream, and then explain to the patient how dreams are formed.These resistances can hinder dream interpretation, but they are also significant because they arise from the same origin as the dream.In other words, they are born from the same psychological issue that prompted the dream.Freud begins this lecture with the suggestion that he should revisit the theory of dreams, which “occupies a special place” in psychoanalysis since it marked a major turning point in the study of human psychology (8).He explains how dream analysis evolved from a “psychotherapeutic procedure” to a “depth psychology” (8).The latent content, however, contains the underlying thoughts or feelings that provoked the dream in the first place.He argues that the goal of psychoanalysis is to transform the manifest content into the latent, and to thus explain why the latent content became manifest in the dreamer’s mind.