The Puritans built the oldest corporation in America, Harvard College, to train young boys in the ministry. A main difference between African and Christian religions, however, is that Africans did not find it necessary to convert all other cultures to their religion. Thus, there was little opportunity for the slave to express his creativity in graphic and plastic art for the church as he had done in Africa where religion and art were inseparable. During the later part of the second chapter, Turner highlights how the changing face of global Islam in the twentieth century influenced Islam in America. Another influence on American Islam by Webb is the manner by which he changed his name and style of dress after he converted to Islam. For example, native African and American religions have similar concepts of animism and the High God. The native religions from America and Africa are similar but also have several differences.Animism is a common concept among native African and American religions. The High God is less important than other spirits in African and American religions. In short, many have argued and observed that Bellah has basically shown that America legitimates itself with a dynamic of sacred and secular myths.
All of this has been radically challenged in one manner or another in post-9/11 America.
Civil religion has also been tested in the post-November 2008 environment, when the economic collapse precipitated by Wall Street’s reckless casino capitalism began to expose the vulnerability of the American capitalist system.
Colonists came to America for many reasons in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Some of these motivations were wealth, land, and religion.
Since America was formed by people with such diverse religious backgrounds, our founding fathers didn"t want America to support just one religion like other countries.
Our founding fathers were religious, and took great care in constructing our government to support America's religious freedoms.
South Africans have rugby, which has shown its potential to create a certain kind of national reconciliation (tolerance) and common values as the movie portrays.
As art the film fails, yet it manages to dramatize the role of Nelson Mandela and his use of the sport of rugby to create a climate of nation building and co-existence between whites and blacks in South Africa.
This brief reflection will explore and critique the notion of civil religion as it is debated within the United States.
I will then turn in a subsequent post to South Africa, where the notion of civil religion is not formally known.