Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.
Example sentences: I was hot and exhausted but I still finished the marathon.
Complex and compound sentences are both sentences with more than one idea or set of information.
They also contain more than one clause – a grammatical unit with a verb.
The above sentence structure is known as ‘simple’: it contains just one basic idea, about the dog’s hunger.
However, we might want to add information, for example, that the dog was hungry because he had not been fed for three days, or that after eating he went for a walk. You can spot them because they have more than one verb.
-age: suffrage, image, postage -al: arrival, survival, deferral -dom: kingdom, freedom, boredom -ee: interviewee, employee, trainee -ence/ance: experience, convenience, finance -er/or: teacher, singer, director -ery: archery, cutlery, mystery -hood: neighborhood, childhood, brotherhood -ics: economics, gymnastics, aquatics -ing: reading, succeeding, believing -ism: racism, constructivism, capitalism -ity/ty: community, probability, equality -ment: accomplishment, acknowledgement, environment -ness: happiness, directness, business -ry: ministry, entry, robbery -ship: scholarship, companionship, leadership -tion/sion/xion : information, expression, complexion -ure: structure, pressure, treasure -able/ible: workable, believable, flexible -al: educational, institutional, exceptional -ed: confused, increased, disappointed -en: wooden, golden, broken -ese: Chinese, Portuguese, Japanese -ful: wonderful, successful, resourceful -ic: poetic, classic, Islamic -ing: exciting, failing, comforting -ish: childish, foolish, selfish -ive: evaluative, collective, abrasive -ian: Canadian, Russian, Malaysian -less: priceless, useless, hopeless -ly: friendly, daily, yearly -ous: gorgeous, famous, courageous -y: funny, windy, happy If more than one adjective is used in a sentence, they tend to occur in a certain order.
In English, two or three adjectives modifying a noun tend to be the limit.
Many adverbs end in -LY Examples: slowly, quietly, very, always, never, too, well, tomorrow, here Example sentences: I am usually busy. A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. Examples: at, on, in, from, with, near, between, about, under Example sentences: I left my keys on the table for you.
A conjunction joins two words, ideas, phrases or clauses together in a sentence and shows how they are connected.