Essay On Rights To Education

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Furthermore, child labour laws were enacted to limit the number of hours per day children could be employed, to ensure children would attend school.Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.This was in contrast to liberal theory at the time, which regarded non-state actors as the prime providers of education.Socialist ideals were enshrined in the 1936 Soviet Constitution, which was the first constitution to recognise the right to education with a corresponding obligation of the state to provide such education.With the French and American Revolution, education was established also as a public function.It was thought that the state, by assuming a more active role in the sphere of education, could help to make education available and accessible to all.In the latter half of the nineteenth century, educational rights were included in domestic bills of rights.The 1849 Paulskirchenverfassung, the constitution of the German Empire, strongly influenced subsequent European constitutions and devoted Article 152 to 158 of its bill of rights to education.Education had thus far been primarily available to the upper social classes and public education was perceived as a means of realising the egalitarian ideals underlining both revolutions.However, neither the American Declaration of Independence (1776) nor the French Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789) protected the right to education, as the liberal concepts of human rights in the nineteenth century envisaged that parents retained the primary duty for providing education to their children.


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