Consider these tips: Numerous alternative medicine treatments claim to help people with diabetes.
Studies haven't provided enough evidence to recommend any alternative therapies for blood sugar management.
Surgery drawbacks include its high cost and risks, including a small risk of death. Long-term complications may include nutritional deficiencies and osteoporosis.
Women with type 2 diabetes may need to alter their treatment during pregnancy.
Contrary to popular perception, there's no specific diabetes diet.
However, it's important to center your diet around: A registered dietitian can help you put together a meal plan that fits your health goals, food preferences and lifestyle.If the results are borderline, ask your doctor when to come back for another test.Screening is also recommended for people who are under 45 and overweight if there are other heart disease or diabetes risk factors present, such as a sedentary lifestyle, a family history of type 2 diabetes, a personal history of gestational diabetes or blood pressure above 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).If you have diabetic retinopathy, it may worsen during pregnancy.Visit your ophthalmologist during the first trimester of your pregnancy and at one year postpartum.Aim for at least 30 to 60 minutes of moderate (or 15 to 30 minutes of vigorous) aerobic exercise most days of the week.A combination of exercises — aerobic exercises, such as walking or dancing on most days, combined with resistance training, such as weightlifting or yoga twice a week — offers more benefits than either type of exercise alone.An elevated A1C level may signal the need for a change in your medication, meal plan or activity level.In addition to the A1C test, your doctor will measure your blood pressure and take blood and urine samples periodically to check your cholesterol levels, thyroid function, liver function and kidney function. These steps will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications. Losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can make a difference, although a sustained weight loss of 7 percent or more of your initial weight seems to be ideal.Many women will require insulin therapy during pregnancy.Cholesterol-lowering medications, aspirin and some blood pressure drugs can't be used during pregnancy.