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Neil Browne, an economics professor who teaches critical thinking at Bowling Green State University.
Thus, we must continually question our own assumptions and beliefs.
Or, as Sesno puts it, “You almost have to start by asking, ”Having considered one’s biases and assumptions on a given issue, the critical thinker then goes to work evaluating statements and claims coming from others.
As Sagan warned in an interview with Charlie Rose just months before his death in 1996: “If we are not able to ask skeptical questions …
to interrogate those who tell us something is true, to be skeptical of those in authority …
“We’ve become less critical in the face of information overload,” he writes over email.
“We throw up our hands and say, it’s too much to think about.” According to Levitin, this sense of being overwhelmed makes us more vulnerable to unsubstantiated stories from suspect sources and “alternative facts” served up by spin doctors.
Browne maintains that if we become accustomed to rigorously asking these kinds of questions in everyday situations, we’ll all be better critical thinkers.
But he acknowledges that the process can be tedious.
Politics, advertising, and human manipulation in general are full of fallacies; personal and societal health might depend on being able to spot them.
Example If we elect leaders whose policies are founded on fallacious arguments (logical errors), the consequences could include economic recession, war, or environmental disaster.