Conformity Rebellion Essay

Conformity Rebellion Essay-36
If the deviant act blocks attainment of the group's goal, the members have little choice: they must label the high-status member a deviant and apply severe sanctions. If majority members in a group lack the capability or the inclination to apply pressure to a deviant, they have another option available to them: they can reject the deviant. Rejection of the deviate is a means of reestablishing equilibrium within the group because it "purifies" the membership. A small minority will sometimes sway, and then even become, the majority.After the deviant is ostracized, only the conforming members remain. Even when the majority does not accept the minority's views, dissent often increases the majority's self-doubts and prompts it to consider other alternatives more seriously.You will continue to hold beliefs similar to the SO as long as he remains important to you, he still holds the same beliefs, and those beliefs are not challenged by counter-opinions that are more convincing. he says A, the group says B, and the right answer is C) conformity drops sharply.

If the deviant act blocks attainment of the group's goal, the members have little choice: they must label the high-status member a deviant and apply severe sanctions. If majority members in a group lack the capability or the inclination to apply pressure to a deviant, they have another option available to them: they can reject the deviant. Rejection of the deviate is a means of reestablishing equilibrium within the group because it "purifies" the membership. A small minority will sometimes sway, and then even become, the majority.After the deviant is ostracized, only the conforming members remain. Even when the majority does not accept the minority's views, dissent often increases the majority's self-doubts and prompts it to consider other alternatives more seriously.You will continue to hold beliefs similar to the SO as long as he remains important to you, he still holds the same beliefs, and those beliefs are not challenged by counter-opinions that are more convincing. he says A, the group says B, and the right answer is C) conformity drops sharply.

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How, then, can groups deal with non-conforming behavior? If this doesn't work, the group can apply more pressure, including threats of direct punishment.

Whether the deviant will be sanctioned, and how severely, depends on several things. will affect the severity of the punishment, but the relationship is not simple and straightforward.

If a member's behavior departs from group norms, but points to new ways to more fully realize the group's goals, the changes may be accepted by group members..

If a member tries to force a change in the group goals, he or she will likely meet with resistance.

Question: When is independent behavior likely to produce changes rather than meet with suppression by the majority?

Conformity Rebellion Essay Fences Wilson Essay Questions

Answer: Have to distinguish between group norms, and the goals that underlie those norms.On the level of compliance, many experimenters see little difference between animals and humans, because all organisms respond to rewards and punishments. Rather, we adopt a particular behavior because it puts us in a satisfying relationship to the person or persons with whom we are identifying. Internalization is motivated by a desire to be right. Compliance is the least enduring and has the least effect on the individual, because people comply merely to gain reward or to avoid punishment. Continuous reward or punishment is not necessary for identification.We do come to believe in the opinions and values we adopt, though not very strongly. If the person who provides the influence is perceived to be trustworthy and of good judgment, we accept the belief he or she advocates and we integrate it into our belief system. Rewards and punishments are very important means to get people to learn and to perform specific activities but are limited as techniques of social influence because they must be ever present to be effective - unless the individual discovers some additional reason for continuing the behavior. All that is needed is the individual's desire to be like that person. Any puncturing of unanimity makes it easier to defy the group (even if the other defier is an idiot! In fact, even if one other person gives an incorrect response that is different from the error the others are making (i.e.Galileo, Lincoln, Freud all advanced minority positions and eventually induced the majority to adopt their beliefs.Deviant behavior is a potential threat to the group's effectiveness.Reactance is aroused when freedom of action is threatened. It disrupts normal operations and challenges the group's conception of reality.If allowed to continue, deviation may eventually cause a group to perform poorly or even to collapse. Group members can speak to the deviant, remind him of the group's expectations, explain and justify these expectations, and urge him to comply.While complying, we might discover something about our actions, or about the consequences of our actions, that makes it worthwhile to continue the behavior even after the original reason for compliance is no longer forthcoming. Have real-life examples of the power of suggestibility - suicides and auto accidents go up after a prominent person commits suicide. Showed people lines - a third of the time subjects were willing to go against their better judgment and agree with the group. Asch found that three different kinds of reactions had contributed to the conformity. Lacking confidence in their own observations, they reported not what they saw but what they felt must be correct. They said they had yielded so as not to appear different or stupid in the eyes of other group members. Conversely, higher status people, or those who feel they are more competent at the task in question, are more likely to resist group pressure. Where behavior is difficult to monitor, the effectiveness of social sanctions is weakened. Once people have given an answer, they are much more likely to stick with it than when they hear others first. Vividly witnessing the suffering of others makes it more difficult to continue inflicting pain on them.For example, people came to obey speeding laws even after enforcement was lessened because they liked the less hectic pace. Crutchfield did a similar study with military officers. In public settings, we are likely to experience pressures for compliance although private acceptance may be absent. Those who state own opinions first are much less open to influence. In another variation on this theme, the subject did not have to press the shock lever himself but was assigned the subsidiary role of helping another teacher. Publicly acting in accord with social pressure while privately disagreeing. Both acting and believing in accord with social pressure.This term best describes the behavior of a person who is motivated to gain reward or avoid punishment. As with compliance, we do not behave in a particular way because such behavior is intrinsically satisfying. This is the most permanent, deeply rooted response to social influence.

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