Tags: Mba Assignments HelpKnowledge Is Power Essay 100 WordsSpanish Essay On FamiliesCritical Thinking ManagementResearch Essay Outline TemplateHow To Write A Formal Business Plan
Christmas tree farming was once seen only as a viable alternative for low-quality farmland, but that perception has changed within the agriculture industry.For optimum yield and quality, land should be flat or gently rolling and relatively free of debris and undergrowth.Animal pests (especially insects) and diseases must be monitored and controlled, and weed growth must also be minimized.
Flat or gently rolling land is preferred to that with steep slopes and inclines, which is prone to erosion and fluctuations in fertility.
Noticeable obstructions, such as rocks, fences or significant underbrush, are also undesirable.
The Christmas tree market burgeoned through the 1960s and 1970s, but from the late 1980s onward prices and the market for natural Christmas trees declined.
In the early 21st century, nearly 98 percent of all natural (non-artificial) Christmas trees sold worldwide were grown on tree farms.
The final stage of cultivation, harvesting, is carried out in a number of ways; one of the more popular methods is the pick-your-own tree farm, where customers are allowed to roam the farm, select their tree, and cut it down themselves.
Other farmers cultivate potted trees, with balled roots, which can be replanted after Christmas and used again the following year More trees were grown in plantations after World War II, and by the 1950s farmers were shearing and pruning trees to meet customer demands.Nordmann fir and Norway spruce sell well in the United Kingdom, the latter being popular throughout Europe.Like all conifers, Christmas trees are vulnerable to a range of pests.Christmas tree farms are best located on relatively level land which is free of obstructions.In the past, Christmas tree farmers established their plantations on less desirable agricultural plots or "wastelands of agriculture".Invasive insect species, such as the pine shoot beetle and the gypsy moth, also threaten Christmas tree crops.Mammals such as deer, gophers and ground squirrels are also threats to Christmas tree crops, due to the damage they cause to roots and buds.Severe cold in the winter and extreme hot and dry conditions during and after harvest can cause irreparable damage to the crop.Christmas tree farming is a labor-intensive process.Late or omitted pruning can result in trees that are unmarketable due to large gaps in needle coverage.Some species of pine, such as the Scots pine, are susceptible to dormant season "yellowing", which is generally countered with a green dye or paint.