Battle Gallipoli Essays

Battle Gallipoli Essays-38
It is estimated that about 130000 soldiers died in this war.87 soldiers were from Australia and New Zealand respectively.This could be the reason these two countries mark that day of invasion on 25th April every year.

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Gallipoli campaign also called the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Dardanelles campaign existed at the beginning of the World War 1.

It was a war campaign in the Ottoman Empire which was in the present Turkey.

I must also mention this project is about the Land Campaigns on the Peninsula, and whilst the contribution the Navy provided was considerable, from the first attempted rushing of the Narrows to the final evacuation of the positions on Cape Helles, to include details of their operations as well, other than those which directly involved the land force, would double the size of this project and majorly over-complicate matters, and so I have decided to leave it out.

I am not trying to play down in any way the contribution of the navy in the slightest, in fact without the level of support they provided the campaigns would have been almost impossible to implement.

One is that it was one of the greatest victories to be achieved by the Ottoman Empire during the time that it was in the war.

This victory gave the Ottoman Empire troops motivation to continue fighting for their motherland.As I am a history student, who also happens to have a long family history of military involvement, as well as being born in Australia, I could have told you a thing or two about Gallipoli; why it was important when the campaign took place, and why it ultimately failed.But in doing this project I came to realise how limited my knowledge of Gallipoli actually was; diving into the realms of J A Hammerton's 'A Pictured History of World War' and Alan Moorehead's 'Gallipoli' to discover the many overlaying complex factors for the campaigns, reasons as much for the sake of politics as for militaristic value, which I will try to simplify, condense and explain in the next chapter.The allies also lacked adequate knowledge of the terrains of the Ottoman Empire.The Gallipoli campaign became very famous for various reasons.This, the Germans had taken advantage of, and the German military mission had done much to infiltrate the Turkish military and even a new modern battleship, the Goeben, was supplied to the Turkish navy to supplement her aging fleet.They had also done much to have a sway on Turkish politics, and thus it was in early 1914 that Turkish politicians secretly decided, IF they were to go to war, it would be with the Germans. At the NE corner of the Mediterranean Sea, near to Greece and beneath the Balkan states is where Turkey lies.The attack was followed by an important land invasion on April 25th.Dardanelles was a strait at the northern bank and provided a sea route to the Russian empire.This was important, as at the outbreak of war both Greece to its west and Bulgaria to its north were neutral countries, and Turkey joining the war on the German side would greatly influence the decisions of both of these two countries, not only as regards their neutrality but also what side they would join on the war on.Also, Turkish divisions could threaten the Suez Canal which would have been a great hindrance to the British war effort. Turkey controlled the Dardanelles Narrows, the only channel through which the Allies could reach the Black Sea ports and supply Russia with the arms and ammunition she sorely needed to continue the war.


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