They don’t require you to do a lot of interpretation—you just need to know what is actually going on.
You can identify these from words and phrases like “according to,” “asserting,” “mentioned,” and so on.
This is, in many ways, a special kind of inference question since you are inferring the broader personality of the character based on the evidence in a passage.
Also, these crop up much more commonly for prose passages than poetry ones.
There are, generally speaking, eight kinds of questions you can expect to see on the AP English Literature and Composition test.
I’ll break each of them down here and give you tips on how to identify and approach them.
The AP Literature Exam is a three-hour exam that contains two sections.
First is an hour-long, 55-question multiple choice section, and then a two hour, three question free-response section.
Often these questions will specify a part of the passage/poem and ask you to identify what that part is accomplishing.
Being able to identify and understand the significance of any shifts—structural, tonal, in genre, etc—will be of key importance for these questions.