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Using multiple routes with load balancing, instead of a single route, may increase reliability through redundancy.Several protocols which are based on load balancing were introduced in recent years (e.g.The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: In Section 2, we present the Mobile Ad-Hoc Network routing problem.
Also, we present amodification to optimize the proposed MRAA protocol using the concept of load balancing.
In networking, load balancing is a technique to distribute workload evenly across two or more computers, network links, or other resources; in order to get optimal resource utilization, maximize throughput, minimize response time, and avoid overload.
Routing protocols for MANETs must deal with these issues to be effective.
So our goal in this paper is to try to apply the ant-colony optimization technique, that has proved its effectiveness in wired networks routing protocols ,to optimize the existing MANET routing protocols.
In such networks, the wireless mobile nodes may dynamically enter the network as well as leave the network.
Due to the limited transmission range of wireless network nodes, multiple hops are usually needed for a node to exchange information with any other node in the network.
In this paper, we present a modification to optimize the well-known MANET routing protocol AODV using swarm intelligence .
ACO algorithm is one of the most important algorithms in swarm intelligence algorithms category.
Thus routing is a crucial issue to the design of a MANET .
Routing algorithms in wired networks are usually based upon either the well-known distance vector or link state routing algorithms.