Descriptive abstracts are usually very short, 100 words or less. While they still do not critique or evaluate a work, they do more than describe it.
A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself.
The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than 300 words in length.
A highlight abstract is specifically written to attract the reader’s attention to the study.
Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there? If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised.
A critical abstract provides, in addition to describing main findings and information, a judgment or comment about the study’s validity, reliability, or completeness.No pretense is made of there being either a balanced or complete picture of the paper and, in fact, incomplete and leading remarks may be used to spark the reader’s interest.In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in academic writing.She earned her Ph D in English from the University of Georgia in 2015.There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.Use the active voice when possible, but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions.Regardless, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences.How do you know when you have enough information in your abstract?A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing a similar study.It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research.It does incorporate key words found in the text and may include the purpose, methods, and scope of the research.